Sexually Transmitted Infections - LGBTQIA Healthcare Guild

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Womens Health - Sexually Transmitted Infections Fact Sheets


STIs are also called sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs. STIs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV), syphilis, HIV, and others.

You can get Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) by having intimate sexual contact with someone who already has an infection. Oftentimes you can not tell if a person is infected because many STIs have no symptoms. But STIs can still be passed from person to person even if there are no symptoms.

In the United States about 19 million new infections are thought to occur each year. These infections affect men and women of all backgrounds and economic levels. But almost half of new infections are among young people ages 15 to 24. Women are also severely affected by STIs. They have more frequent and more serious health problems from STIs than men. African-American women have especially high rates of infection...

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases - STD Fact Sheets


Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are an important global health priority because of their devastating impact on women and infants and their inter-relationships with HIV/AIDS. STDs and HIV are linked by biological interactions and because both infections occur in the same populations. Infection with certain STDs can increase the risk of getting and transmitting HIV as well as alter the way the disease progresses. In addition, STDs can cause long-term health problems, particularly in women and infants...

Latex and Lubricant Allergies Are Common and Can Develop Over Time


Allergies to both latex or the spermicide coating on condoms can cause unpleasant burning or discomfort when exposed.  This oftentimes occurs more intensely during receptive intercourse.  A high majority of lubricants on the market today also contain preservatives or other chemical ingredients (such as warming, spermicide, or stabilizers) that can create a similar unpleasant burning or discomfort when exposed, especially during receptive oral/anal/vaginal intercourse.

If you are affected there are other options.  You could try polyurethane or polyisoprene condoms.  These products may have higher breakage rates than latex condoms and therefore may not be as effective in preventing transmission of sexually transmitted infections.  Lambskin condoms are not effective at preventing transmitted infections and oil-based lubricants (such as vaseline or cold-cream) will break down latex condoms causing them to fail.  Here are some other suggestions for addressing any type of allergic or unpleasant reactions to the chemicals used in condoms and lubricants:

1) after putting a condom on, rinse or wipe the condom with water to remove residue or lube

2) try using a non-lubricated condom

3) try using a non-latex condom

4) for anal/vaginal intercourse, try using a purified product (with less chemicals - such as KY Jelly or other medical grade lubricant)

  1. 5)for oral/anal/vaginal intercourse, try using a receptive condom (aka female condom), which can be used by men or women and is made from polyurethane

World Health Organization - Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Adolescents


Sexually transmitted infections are caused by more than 30 different bacteria, viruses and parasites and mostly spread by sexual contact. They can lead to chronic diseases, AIDS, pregnancy complications, infertility, cervical cancer and death. In developing countries this group of infections and their complications are one of the top five reasons that adults seek health care. 
 

CDC - Sexually Transmitted Diseases Fact Sheets




The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provide sexually transmitted disease (STD) fact sheets in English and Spanish for both print and mobile applications. 

Or Click here for the:  CDC National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention

National Prevention Information Network (NPIN)


The CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN) is the U.S. reference and referral service for information on HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and tuberculosis (TB). NPIN is a next-generation clearinghouse that collects and disseminates data and materials to support the work of prevention organizations and workers in international, national, state, and local settings...

Condoms and STDS Fact Sheets - CDC


On the left is a receptive condom (in the U.S. it is called the female condom) and on the right is an insertive condom (aka male condom).  Both of these examples can be used by either men or women for oral, anal, or vaginal sex.  The receptive condom is also created from a non-latex material called polyurethane. 

Consistent and correct use of male condoms can reduce (though not eliminate) the risk of STD transmission. To achieve the maximum protective effect, condoms must be used both consistently and correctly. Inconsistent use can lead to STD acquisition because transmission can occur with a single act of intercourse with an infected partner. Similarly, if condoms are not used correctly, the protective effect may be diminished even when they are used consistently. The most reliable ways to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are to abstain from sexual activity or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. However, many infected persons may be unaware of their infections because STDs are often asymptomatic or unrecognized....

Planned Parenthood - Sexual Health Care


Many of us are curious about sexual orientation. People often wonder what makes people bisexual, heterosexual, or homosexual — and how they can determine a person’s sexual orientation. If you’re just curious about sexual orientation, this is also a good place to start.



Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HPV and Men Facts


Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common virus. Most sexually active people in the United States (U.S.) will have HPV at some time in their lives. There are more than 40 types of HPV that are passed on through sexual contact. These types can infect the genital areas of men, including the skin on and around the penis or anus. They can also infect the mouth and throat.....

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HPV Vaccinations for Young People


If you are 26 or younger, there is an HPV vaccine that can help protect you against the types of HPV that most commonly cause problems in men.  The HPV vaccine (Gardasil) works by preventing four common HPV types, two that cause most genital warts and two that cause cancers, including anal cancer. It protects against new HPV infections; it does not cure existing HPV infections or disease (like genital warts). It is most effective when given before a person’s first sexual contact (i.e., when s/he may be exposed to HPV). 

 

Your HIV Test Results Expire Every time You Have Risky Sex - Testing Makes Us Stronger


You may already know that gay and bisexual men are the population most affected by HIV, but in the U.S. Black gay and bisexual men are getting hit particularly hard by the epidemic. Studies in major cities have found that, in those cities, nearly one in three black gay and bisexual men is infected with HIV, and the majority (59%) don’t even know it because they’ve never been tested or aren’t testing enough.....
 

American Sexual Health Association - 10 Questions to Ask Your Provider Regarding Sexual Health


Talking to a healthcare provider about your sexual health can be intimidating. You might feel embarrassed about the questions that you have; you might not want to admit to certain feelings or fears about your health. However, being able to talk to your healthcare provider about your physical health as it relates to your sexual health is absolutely crucial. If you can’t be totally honest about what’s happening with your body and your feelings about it, you won’t be able to get accurate treatment. Your healthcare provider should be able to give you straightforward, nonjudgmental feedback and advice about your body and sexual life, but he or she has to start with the whole picture! The first step is to choose a healthcare provider that you trust. He or she should be someone who is open-minded, honest, and very good at listening The 10 questions below are a great place to start the conversation with your healthcare provider:
  1. 1.I want to make sure that I'm taking all of the right steps to protect myself from sexually transmitted infections. Where should I start?

  2. 2.How can I talk to my partner about STIs? Can you give me some advice?

  3. 3.I want to make sure that my partner and I get tested before we have sex. Where should I go? How can I bring up the topic with him/her?

  4. 4.Given what we’ve talked about in terms of my relationship history, should I be tested for STDs/STIs? Which ones?

  5. 5.How often should I be tested for STIs? Which ones?

  6. 6.Are there any vaccines I should consider to protect myself from STIs? Are there vaccines that are recommended for me?

  7. 7.What are my options when it comes to birth control? How can I talk to my partner about birth control options?

  8. 8.I’ve been feeling differently about sex recently. Can we talk about what might be going on?

  9. 9.What screenings* are recommended for someone my age? (*such as STI tests, mammograms, prostate cancer screening, etc.)

  10. 10.I’m not always happy with the way my partner treats me. Can we chat about that?


Your provider needs to know some personal information about you so that she or he can help answer your questions and assess your risk and offer the correct advice. You may want to talk to your provider about the following:

  1. Your sexual history

  2. Your current sexual practices

  3. Your condom use

  4. Any symptoms you have

  5. If you could be pregnant

 

 
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