G to H - LGBTQIA Healthcare Guild

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G


Gay:


1. Term used in some cultural settings to represent males who are attracted to males in a romantic, erotic and/or emotional sense. Not all men who engage in “homosexual behavior” identify as gay, and as such this label should be used with caution. 2. Term used to refer to the LGBTQI community as a whole, or as an individual identity label for anyone who does not identify as heterosexual.




Gay Marriage (aka Same-Sex Marriage):


Any marriage that is outside of the traditional male-female construct. 






Gay/Straight Alliance (GSA):


Any marriage that is outside of the traditional male-female construct. 






Gay and Lesbian Medical Association (GLMA):


A division of the American Medical Association that focuses on healthcare needs of sexual and gender minorities. 






Gender Binary, Gender Fluidity, Gender Bender, Gender Outlaw:


Gender Binary: The idea that there are only two genders – male/female or man/woman and that a person must be strictly gendered as either/or. (See also ‘Identity Sphere.’).  Gender Bender and Gender Fluidity: Similar to genderqueer and androgy ne, these terms refer to gender variations other than the traditional, dichotomous view of male and female. People who self-refer with these terms may identify and present themselves as both or alternatively male and female, as no gender, or as a gender outside the male/female binary. 




Gender Confirming Surgery:


Medical surgeries used to modify one’s body to be more congruent with one’s gender identity. See “Sex Reassignment Surgery.”






Gender Cues:


What human beings use to attempt to tell the gender/sex of another person. Examples include hairstyle, gait, vocal inflection, body shape, facial hair, etc. Cues vary by culture.





Gender Dysphoria:


gender dysphoria is a discontent with the sex they were assigned at birth and/or the gender roles associated with that sex.






Gender Identity and Gender Identity Disorder (GID):


A person’s sense of being masculine, feminine, or other gendered.  Gender Identity is different than sexual identity: (e.g. some transgender individuals who were ascribed an identity of “homosexual” (prior to discovering their gender identity) are in reality “heterosexual.”  Gender Identity: one’s basic sense of how they identify in terms of gender expression (appearance or demeanor), gender role conformity, adhering to masculine or feminine constructs), or gender dysphoria or disconnection with one’s sex assigned at birth. Gender identity does not determine sexual orientation & gender non-conformity is frequently more socially provoking than sexual orientation.  Gender Identity Disorder (DID) is a psychological diagnosis.  However, many people prefer the term “gender dysphoria”, thus eliminating the negative connotation of the word “disorder”.


Gender and Sexual Minority:


Sexual and Gender Minority is used as an encompassing term to identify the social disparity of non-heterosexual identities that conform to dominant society.  Similar to some disabilities, LGBT identities are often considered an invisible minority.





Gender Normative (aka Cisgender):


A person who by nature or by choice conforms to gender based expectations of society (Also referred to as ‘Genderstraight’).






Gender Oppression:


The societal, institutional, and individual beliefs and practices that privilege cisgender (gender-typical people) and subordinate and disparage transgender or gender variant people. Also known as “genderism.”





Gender Presentation and Gender Expression:


Gender Presentation: is oftentimes defined from socially-codified gender-role expectations.  It is more than adornment or aesthetic, but can include mannerisms, style, behaviors, and a variety of other ecologies.  Gender expression: The external manifestation of a person’s gender identity, which may or may not conform to the socially-defined behaviors and external characteristics that are commonly referred to as either masculine or feminine. These behaviors and characteristics are expressed through carriage (movement), dress, grooming, hairstyles, jewelry,

mannerisms, physical characteristics, social interactions, and speech patterns (voice).



Gender Variant:


A person who either by nature or by choice does not conform to gender-based expectations of society (e.g. transgender, transsexual, intersex, genderqueer, cross-dresser, etc.).





Gender Non-Conforming, Gender Queer:


Gender Non-Conforming: People whose gender expression is (1) neither masculine nor feminine or (2) different from traditional or stereotypic expectations of how a man or woman should appear or behave.  Gender Queer: A gender variant person whose gender identity is neither male nor female, is between or beyond genders, or is some combination of genders. Often includes a political agenda to challenge gender stereotypes and the gender binary system.




Gender Transition:


The preferred term for the process by which transgender people change their physical, sexual characteristics from those associated with their sex at birth. May include change of name, clothing, official documentation and medical treatments based on individual needs, which may include hormone therapy, hair removal and surgery. Not synonymous with sex reassignment. Avoid the antiquated term “sex change.”


 
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